Substance Abuse Resources & Disability Issues (SARDI)

Rehabilitation Research and Training Center Archives

About Our Previous RRTC Research

Funded by the National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR), the Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on Drugs and Disability (RRTC) researched illicit drug use among consumers of vocational rehabilitation services from 1997-2003. The RRTC on Drugs and Disability was designed to improve vocational rehabilitation outcomes for individuals who abuse substances.

The RRTC conducted epidemiological and evaluative research studies of substance abuse and substance abuse services for consumers of state vocational rehabilitation (VR) programs and other people with disabilities. Recent legislative changes in benefits, HIV-specific VR services, and the needs of youth transitioning into work were also addressed. In accordance with NIDRR's directive, the research and training activities of the RRTC chiefly addressed substance abuse as it co-exists with other disabilities. The RRTC also included an extensive program of training and dissemination.

Stakeholder concerns and interests were addressed by several mechanisms, including a formal subcontract with the National Association on Alcohol, Drugs, and Disability (NAADD). Multiple collaborations were delineated with federal agencies, including the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), the national Addiction Technology Transfer Centers (ATTCs) funded by the Center for Substance Abuse Treatment (CSAT), the Regional Rehabilitation Continuing Education Programs (RPCEPs), as well as other professional and consumer organizations, national clearinghouses, other RRTC's, and institutions of higher education.


Research Summary

  • Heinemann, A. W., Lazowski, L. E., Moore, D., Miller, F., & McAweeney, M. (2008). Validation of a substance use disorder screening instrument for use in vocational rehabilitation settings. Rehabilitation Psychology, 53(1), 63-72.
  • McAweeney, M. J. (2008). A substance abuse screening tool for rehabilitation counselors working in vocational rehabilitation agencies. In McDaniel, R.S. (ed.) National Issue Forum Papers. City, Publisher.
  • Heinemann, A. W., McAweeney, M. J., Lazowski, L., & Moore, D. (2008, in press). Utilization of Substance Abuse Screening across State Vocational Rehabilitation Agencies. Journal of Applied Rehabilitation Counseling, 39(2).
  • Hollar, D. & McAweeney, M. J. (2008, in press). Factors that contribute to unsuccessful case closures among consumers of vocational rehabilitation services. Journal of Applied Rehabilitation Counseling, 39(2).
  • McAweeney, M. J., Keferl, J., Moore, D. & Wagner, J. (2008, in press). Predictors of successful closure in the State/Federal vocational rehabilitation system:Findings from a sample of persons with disability and substance use disorders. Journal of Applied Rehabilitation Counseling, 39(2).
  • McAweeney, M. J., Jones, M., & Moore, D. (2008, in press). Utilizing supported employment for persons with SUD and co-existing disabilities. Journal of Applied Rehabilitation Counseling.
  • Moore, D., McAweeney, M.J., Keferl, J., Ford, J., & Glenn, M. (in press) Policy Issues in VR Related to Consumers with Substance Use Disorders. Journal of Applied Rehabilitation Counseling, 39(2).
  • Guthmann, D. & Moore, D. (2007). The substance abuse in vocational rehabilitation - screener in american sign language (SAVR-S-ASL) for persons who are deaf. JADARA. 41(1), 9-16.
  • McAweeney, M. J. (2007). Review of "The Substance Abuse Handbook" CMPMedica, Cliggott Publishing Group, Darien, CT. Psychiatric Times. 24, (11), 38.
  • Moore, D., Carr, C. J., Williams, C., Richlen, W., McAweeney, M. J., Wagner, J. (in press, 2007). An ecological approach to addressing HIV/AIDS in the African American community. Journal of Evidence-Based Social Work.
  • McAweeney, M. J., Forchheimer, M., Moore, D. & Tate, D.G. (2006) Psychosocial aspects related to the dual-diagnosis of substance use disorder and disability. Chapter in Handbook of Applied Disability and Rehabilitation Research. Springer Publishing. American Psychological Association.
  • Moore, D. & McAweeney, M. J. (2006) Demographic Characteristics and Rates of Progress of Deaf and Hard of Hearing Persons Receiving Substance Abuse Treatment. American Annals of the Deaf. 151(5), 508- 512.
  • Heinemann, A.W., Corrigan, J.D., & Moore D.C. (2004). Case management for traumatic brain injury survivors with alcohol problems. Rehabilitation Psychology, 49(2), 156-166.
  • Ford, J.A., Glenn, M.K., Li, L., & Moore, D. (2004). Substance abuse and women with disabilities. In S.L. Welner & F. Haseltine (Eds.), Welner's guide to the care of women with disabilities (pp. 315-332). Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
  • Moore, D., & Lorber, C. (2004) Clinical characteristics and staff training needs of two substance use disorder treatment programs specialized for persons with disabilities. Journal of Teaching in the Addictions 3(1), 3-20.
  • RRTC on Drugs and Disability. (2003, September). Technical report-summary findings for research component R3: Barriers to Employment for Individuals Living with HIV/AIDS. Dayton, OH: Wright State University School of Medicine.
  • The Vocational Rehabilitation (VR) needs of people with HIV are not well understood, nor are they being adequately addressed. This research component involved a qualitative study of over 50 persons living with HIV/AIDS in Ohio who had a desire to become employed or improve their employment situation. A series of interviews followed this cohort for over 18 months as they described their experiences with employment, substance use, medical issues, stigma, the VR system, and other factors that influenced their attempts to gain employment.
  • Glenn, M.K., Ford, J., Moore, D., & Hollar, D. (2003). Employment issues as related by individuals living with HIV or AIDS. The Journal of Rehabilitation, 69(1), 30-36.
  • Doninger, N.A., Heinemann, A.W., Bode, R.K., Sokol, K., Corrigan, J.D., & Moore, D. (2003). Predicting community integration following traumatic brain injury with health and cognitive status measures. Rehabilitation Psychology, 48(2), 67-76.
  • RRTC on Drugs and Disability. (2002, December). Technical report-summary findings for research component R1: Continuing Epidemiology of Substance Abusers Utilizing Vocational Rehabilitation Services. Dayton, OH: Wright State University School of Medicine.
  • The substance abuse epidemiology study of VR consumers expanded a growing database from several state vocational rehabilitation programs (a total of 9 have been studied to date). This study involved data collection in six new state VR programs- Maryland, Massachusetts, North Carolina, Montana, West Virginia, and South Dakota.
  • RRTC on Drugs and Disability. (2002, September). Technical report-summary findings for research component R2: Substance Abuse, Co-existing Disability, and Vocational Rehabilitation: Influences of Specialized Rehabilitation Programs on Employment Outcomes. Dayton, OH: Wright State University School of Medicine.
  • Persons with disabilities who also experience substance use disorders represent one of the most critical challenges to VR. Recent advances in service delivery models have shown promise for improving outcomes. This research component focused on the ongoing evaluation of the Consumer Advocacy Model (CAM) which is located in downtown Dayton, Ohio. The CAM program is an alcohol, drug and mental health outpatient treatment facility affiliated with the School of Medicine that was especially established to include persons with disabilities within its clientele. The within-program study at CAM investigated the efficacy of providing multiple agency services at one physical location.
  • The second component of this research involved an on-going multi-site study of case management effectiveness. Study sites included the Ohio State University's TBI Network, the Rehabilitation Institute of Chicago, and CAM.
  • Sample, E., & Weber, J. (2002, February). Substance abuse among persons with disabilities. Addiction Technology Transfer Center: Eye on the Field.
  • Moore, D., Ford, J.A., & Hollar, D. (2002). Barriers to employment for individuals with HIV/AIDS: Alcohol and drug use. Drug and Alcohol Dependence 66 (Suppl. 1), S123-S124.
  • Hollar, D., Weber, J., & Moore, D. (2002). Educational and employment outcomes for youth with disabilities who use alcohol and drugs: Analysis of NELS:88 longitudinal data. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 66(Suppl. 81).
  • Hollar, D. (2002). Students with disabilities who use alcohol and other drugs. The NAADD Report, 5(1), 5.
  • RRTC on Drugs and Disability (2001, Summer). Six personal stories depicting aspects of substance abuse and persons with disabilities. Dayton, OH: Wright State University.
  • Li, L., & Moore, D. (2001). Disability and illicit drug use: An application of labeling theory. Deviant Behavior, 22(1), 1-21.
  • Demers, J., French, D., & Moore, D. (2000, Fall). The preliminary evaluation of a program to help educators address the substance use/prevention needs of special students. Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 46(1), 14-26.
  • Li, L., Ford, J., & Moore, D. (2000). An exploratory study of violence, substance abuse, disability, and gender. Social Behavior and Personality, 28(1), 61-71.
  • Ford, J. (1999). Connecting vocational rehabilitation and drug treatment in Dayton. Impact, 12(3), 18-19.
  • Moore, D. (1999). Substance abuse and persons with developmental disabilities: Where are we at? Impact, 12(3), 2-3, 22-23.
  • RRTC on Drugs and Disability. (1999). Double Jeopardy: HIV and Disability. Dayton, OH: Wright State University, RRTC on Drugs and Disability. Retrieved August, 2005, from Wright State University, SARDI Program
  • Demers, J. (1999). Prevention issues and the PALS response. Impact, 12(3), 10-11
  • Moore, D., & Li, L. (1998, Spring). Prevalence and risk factors of illicit drug use by people with disabilities. The American Journal on Addictions, 7(2), 93-102.
  • Glenn, M., Garcia, J., Li, L., & Moore, D. (1998, March). Preparation of rehabilitation counselors to serve people living with HIV/AIDS. Rehabilitation Counseling Bulletin, 41(3), 190-200.
  • Li, L., & Moore, D. (1998, February). Acceptance of disability and its correlates. Journal of Social Psychology, 138(1), 13-25.
  • Li, L., & Ford, J. (1998). Illicit drug use by women with disabilities. The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse, 24(3), 405-418.

Presentations

  • McAweeney, M. J. (2008). Course presenter: State of the Science Conference: Oregon Health Sciences, RRTC. Poster Presentation title: "Satisfaction with life and self-esteem among consumers with disability and substance abuse" Portland, OR (5/9/08)
  • McAweeney, M. J. (2007). Course presenter: Vocational Evaluation and Career Assessment Professionals (VECAP): Presentation title: "A substance use screening tool for rehabilitation counselors working in vocational rehabilitation agencies." Auburn, AL (4/28/07)
  • McAweeney, M. J. (2007). Course presenter: National Rehabilitation Counselor Association (NRCA) Professional Development Symposium: Presentation title: "Innovative practices for addressing substance abuse in vocational rehabilitation." Louisville, KY (10/04/07)
  • McAweeney, M. J. (2007). Course presenter: State of the Science Conference: Wright State University, RRTC. The Elephant in the Room: Presentation title: "Utilizing supported employment for persons with SUD and co-existing disabilities." Arlington, VA (10/16/07)
  • Moore, D. (2007). Policy Issues in VR Related to Consumers with Substance Use Disorders. Substance Abuse & Vocational Rehabilitation - the Elephant in the Room: Research, policies, and exemplary practices. RRTC on Substance Abuse, Disability and Employment State of Science Conference, Arlington, VA, October 16.
  • Moore, D. (2007). Recent takes on a recurring theme: Substance use disordersand persons with disabilities, plenary. Co-Occurring Disorders Conference:Transforming systems, transforming lives - Integrating care to support recovery, Yakima WA. October 1.
  • Moore, D. (2007). Program services and models for providing SUD treatment to persons with MR/DD. Co-Occurring Disorders Conference: Transforming systems, transforming lives - Integrating care to support recovery, Yakima WA. October 1.

Training & Dissemination

The training component of the RRTC utilized a variety of materials, venues, and trainers in order to address needs within pre- and in-service populations. Training and dissemination included extensive utilization of distance learning media, especially the internet, to provide professionals and consumers with timely and relevant information.

One of the greatest challenges in regards to training encountered during the initial funding cycle of the RRTC was fulfilling all the training requests received from community, VR, chemical dependency treatment, and hospital systems. For example, as of Fall 1998 over 500 RRTC manuals on Substance Abuse, Disability, and Vocational Rehabilitation had been distributed and the Center for Substance Abuse Treatment (CSAT, SAMHSA) had ordered the printing of an additional 1,000 manuals to meet the needs of chemical dependency treatment providers across the country. Eileen Wolkstein, CRD, Ph.D., CRC, New York University, School of Education, Rehabilitation Counseling Program, directed the comprehensive training activities of the RRTC. The activities included in-service training for substance abuse treatment programs, state VR agencies, state substance abuse agencies, and hospitals. Several of the training sessions were conducted in collaboration with the Addiction Technology Transfer Centers. The RRTC also collaborated on state-wide conferences and seminars. A cadre of trainers with advanced exposure to the SARDI curriculum, including a number of persons with disabilities who are associated with the National Association on Alcohol, Drugs, and Disability (NAADD), was used to help provide the training.

The fourth year of operation concluded with a national conference designed to assist with the dissemination of RRTC findings. A separate component of the program involved adapting SARDI's award winning Drug Free School special education curriculum for us by VR programs associated with youth with disabilities who are transitioning from school to work. Two train-the-trainer sessions were additionally conducted.

Last edited on 01/29/2015.