Biostatistics, Epidemiology, Mixed Methods and Research Design
The Boonshoft School of Medicine Strategic Plan includes the following Research Goal: “Advance the school's reputation for nationally recognized research.” The first Strategy for achieving this goal is to “Increase and advance our research portfolio.” One of the Planned Tactics for this Strategy is to “Increase faculty success in research grant processes.”
The Boonshoft School of Medicine Analytical Resources web page exists for the purpose of facilitating this tactic through “improving faculty skills in mixed methods research, epidemiology, and biostatistics.”
On this webpage, medical school researchers can find links to online tutorials and resources for analytical concepts and methods. This page exists to help faculty know what these areas are, why they are important, what the basic issues are and where to go for help.
“Biostatistics is the branch of statistics responsible for the proper interpretation of scientific data generated in the biology, public health and other health sciences (i.e., the biomedical sciences). In these sciences, subjects (patients, mice, cells, etc.) exhibit considerable variation in their response to stimuli. This variation may be due to different treatments or it may be due to chance, measurement error, or other characteristics of the individual subjects.
“Biostatistics is particularly concerned with disentangling these different sources of variation. It seeks to distinguish between correlation and causation, and to make valid inferences from known samples about the populations from which they were drawn. (For example, do the results of treating patients with two therapies justify the conclusion that one treatment is better than the other?)”
(Source: Vanderbilt University School of Medicine Department of Biostatistics, accessed 11/12/14)
Wright State University Resources
“Epidemiology is the study of the distribution and determinants of health-related states or events (including disease), and the application of this study to the control of diseases and other health problems. Various methods can be used to carry out epidemiological investigations: surveillance and descriptive studies can be used to study distribution; analytical studies are used to study determinants.” (Source: World Health Organization, accessed 11/12/14)
Mixed Methods Research
Mixed methods research is “a research approach or methodology:
(Source: National Institutes of Health, accessed 11/12/14)