Balance, Control and Repair

Co-Module Directors: Mark Rich, M.D., Ph.D., Neuroscience, Cell Biology, and Physiology; Bethany Harper, M.D., Psychiatry

Module Description: The Balance, Control, and Repair module will focus on the normal structure, function, and diseases of the nervous system, musculoskeletal and integumentary systems and the mind.  Throughout the module, the learner will solve increasingly complex clinical case problems that exemplify core pathophysiologic concepts and make decisions about diagnosis and treatment that are evidence-based. Presentation and diagnosis of illness and disease across the life cycle are investigated within the principles of population medicine, molecular biology, pathophysiology and therapeutics.

Alignment of WrightCurriculum Educational Objectives & Milestones to the Module Learning Goals

Boonshoft SOM Educational Objectives and Milestones


What competencies / milestones will this unit address? 

Foundational Knowledge – Medical Knowledge: Master fundamental biomedical concepts, terms, processes, and system interactions


Describe normal structure and function of the human body at the molecular, cellular, tissue, organ level and all major organ systems, outlining how anatomy, biochemistry, cell biology and physiology work together


Identify the major diseases and conditions and the ways in which they operate in the body


Use scientific principles underlying diagnostic methodologies

Foundational Knowledge – Medical Knowledge: Describe the determinants of health


Identify and describe the individual and population-level biopsychosocial determinants of health and how these determinants influence populations health status

Foundational Knowledge – Medical Knowledge: Utilize evidence in making clinical decisions


Obtain, analyze, and synthesize information from the medical literature


Describe the fundamental components of basic, clinical and translational research


Define the fundamental statistical tools used in medicine

Application – Patient Care: Diagnose patient health problems


Generate a differential diagnosis by applying knowledge of the basic sciences and pathophysiology


Define and explain ancillary diagnostics

Application – Patient Care: Propose evidence-based health maintenance and therapeutic treatments


Propose a treatment plan for common disease processes


Explain the three levels of prevention and the role of health promotion in increasing the health status of patients and populations

Integration – Systems-Based Practice: Connect knowledge of patient populations and health delivery processes in making diagnoses and therapeutic recommendations


Identify and explain population health goals

Integration – Systems-Based Practice: Advocate for the humane, just, safe and prudent care of persons


Identify contextual factors that may affect the health status of an individual patient or population

Human Dimension – Personal and Interpersonal Professional Development Goals: Reflection upon one’s personal strengths and weaknesses to make changes in one’s behavior


Integrate formative feedback from patients, peers, and faculty in order to modify behaviors

Human Dimension – Personal and Interpersonal Professional Development Goals: Communicate and work effectively with others


 Identify roles within teams, and provide/receive effective feedback


Effectively assimilate in various teams, including interprofessional teams


Communicate clearly and empathetically in both written and verbal venues

Human Dimension – Personal and Interpersonal Professional Development Goals: Demonstrate leadership skills in a variety of settings


Identify characteristics of and contribute to the development of a high functioning team


Seek appropriate role models for leadership opportunities

Learning How to learn – Practice-Based Learning: Stimulate intellectual curiosity to question and advance knowledge through scholarship


Identify and assess the literature in an area of scholarly interest

Learning How to learn – Practice-Based Learning: Appropriately utilize evidence-based resources to address uncertainty in medicine and gaps in knowledge/skills


Recognize that gaps of knowledge and ambiguity exist in medicine

Module-Level Objectives


What are the module-level objectives for this course? 

Boonshoft SOM


Describe the anatomical pathways, structure, and function of the musculoskeletal, neurological, and integumentary systems.



Describe the mechanisms by which musculoskeletal, neurological, psychiatric, and integumentary system function is maintained in health and disease.

1.1a,b; 2.2a


Explain the diagnostic modalities/criteria in the evaluation of diseases related to the musculoskeletal, neurologic, psychiatric, and integumentary systems.

1.1b,c; 2.2a,b


Describe therapeutic interventions to address the altered pathophysiology of the musculoskeletal, neurologic, psychiatric, and integumentary systems in disease states.



Describe how psychological factors/disorders (e.g. defenses, personality disorders) can affect interpersonal communication, the patient-physician relationship, medical illness, and treatment.

2.2a,b; 2.3a; 4.5a,b,c


Explain the pathophysiology of pain and therapeutic approaches in pain management.

1.1b; 2.3a,b


Explain the pathophysiology of substance use disorders and their therapeutic approaches.

1.1b; 2.3a,b


Demonstrate professional behavior during interactions with patients and their families, peers, and instructors in a variety of settings.

4.5a, 4.5b, 4.5c, 5.3a


Use critical judgment and problem-solving skills to integrate the principles of evidence based medicine with biomedical and clinical sciences.

1.3a,b; 6.2a


Use effective communication and leadership skills when working with others.

4.5a,b,c; 4.6a,c


Perform self-assessment to identify gaps in knowledge and address deficiencies.

4.1a; 6.3a

To review all Boonshoft SOM Educational Milestones please visit the Educational Milestones page.

Last edited on 07/08/2019.