Needs assessment is the systematic process of gathering information and using it to determine instructional solutions to close the gap between:
Actual: What learners know & do AND Optimal: What learners should know & do
Identification and analysis of CME needs provide the basis for developing educational objectives. The planning committee should ask the following questions:
- How prevalent is the need among the target audience?
- How many different assessment sources indicated this need?
- How significantly will the unfulfilled need hinder health care delivery?
- How directly is the need related to actual physician performance?
- How likely is it that a CME activity will improve practice behavior?
- Are sufficient resources available to effectively address this topic?
- How receptive will the target audience be to a session on this topic?
Types of Needs Assessment
Submit with application:
- Inferred needs which may be derived from the following:
- New methods of diagnosis or treatment
- Availability of new medication(s) or indication(s)
- Development of new technology
- Input from experts regarding advances in medical knowledge
- Acquisition of new facilities or equipment
- Legislative, regulatory, or organizational changes effecting patient care
- Verbalized needs and interests which may be derived from the following:
- Requests submitted on participants' activity evaluation forms
- Formal surveys of potential participants (mail and Internet-based)
- Informal comments
- Patient problem inventories compiled by potential participants
- Consensus of faculty members within a department or service area
- Proven needs which are based on objective external data sources. These needs may be derived from the following:
- Epidemiological data
- Quality assurance/audit data
- Re-credential review
- Statistics Infection control data
- Surgical procedures statistics
- Professional society requirements
- Journal articles/literature citations
- News media
Please view the following ACCME video on understanding moving beyond the traditional needs assessment.
Quality Data & Resources
- Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services - U.S. Department of Health & Human Services Research and Data
- Hospital Compare - A quality tool provided by Medicare - U.S. Department of Health & Human Services
- QualityNet - Medicare Quality Improvement Community
- Hospital Performance Data - Ohio Department of Health
- Guide to Quality Health Care - Ohio Hospital Association
- Ohio KePRO - Ohio's Medicare Quality Improvement Organization
- Wright State University Libraries (must have UID and pin to access subscription services). Contact Bette Sydelko for help
- Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research (must have UID and pin for free access)
- Agency for Healthcare Research & Quality (AHRQ) - Recommended Starter Set The Ambulatory Care Quality Alliance
- AHRQ Quality Information & Improvement
- AHRQ Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project
- ASCO/NCCN - Quality Measures: Breast and Colorectal Cancers
- Hospital Quality Alliance
- AHRQ National Quality Measures Clearinghouse
- National Committee on Quality Assurance - Statistics from Healthcare Effectiveness Data and Information Set (HEDIS) measures
- ACME Physician Consortium for Performance Improvement - Ambulatory care measurement sets
- Commonwealth Fund - 2006 National Scorecard on U.S. Health System Performance
- Joint Commission - Core performance measures
- National Comprehensive Cancer Network - Clinical guidelines in oncology
- AHRQ and National Quality Measures Clearinghouse - Guidelines and measures
- Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services — Physician Quality Reporting Initiative
- AHRQ Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems Initiative
- TransforMed - Information on Practice Redesign
- Institute for Healthcare Improvement
For more information, please read Fall 2009 CME Highlights.