The School endeavors to provide creative ways of opening its curriculum to competitive, qualified individuals with disabilities. In doing so, however, the school must maintain the integrity of its curriculum and preserve those elements deemed essential to the education of physicians. The School cannot compromise the health and safety of current or future patients. It is inevitable that adherence to minimum requirements will disqualify some applicants and students, including some who are classified as disabled. Exclusion of such an individual, however, does not constitute unlawful discrimination. The Rehabilitation Act of 1973 prohibits discrimination against an "otherwise qualified" person with a disability. Applicants or students who are unable to meet the minimum academic and technical standards are not qualified for the practice of medicine. The School's Admissions Committee grants admission or conditional acceptances to applicants pending consideration of their abilities to meet these requirements and any accommodations that may be needed. The Deans’ Council will review applicants' needs for accommodation and make a recommendation to the Dean of the Wright State University Boonshoft School of Medicine (hereinafter referred to as the Dean of Medicine). Should applicants be unable to meet these requirements without reasonable accommodations, the school will rescind its offer of acceptance. This decision may not be appealed. The School reserves the right, in its sole discretion, to amend, replace, and/or terminate this policy at any time. Students who are later discovered to be unable to meet the technical standards will have their situation(s) assessed on a case-by-case basis.
Minimum Academic and Technical Standards, Personal Attributes and Capabilities Essential for Admission and Matriculation
Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (29 U.S.C. Section 794) prohibits a recipient of federal financial assistance from denying benefits to an "otherwise qualified" person with a physical disability solely because of his or her disability. Wright State University is a recipient of federal financial assistance and also, on principle, opposes discrimination. No qualified person with a disability shall be excluded from participation, admission, matriculation, or denied benefits or subjected to discrimination solely by reason of his or her disability. Pursuant to federal regulations for post-secondary education institutions, a person with a disability can be required to meet the institution's "academic and technical standards." The Admissions Committee does not discriminate against qualified individual with a physical disability but will expect applicants and students to meet certain minimum technical standards. In carrying out its function, the committee will be guided by the academic and technical standards set forth in this document and in accordance with LCME Element 10.5 which states:
"A medical school develops and publishes technical standards for the admission, retention, and graduation of applicants or medical students with disabilities, in accordance with legal requirements."
The holder of the M.D. degree must have the knowledge and skills to function in a broad variety of clinical situations and to render a wide spectrum of patient care. In order to carry out the activities described below, candidates for the M.D. degree must be able to consistently, quickly, and accurately integrate all information received and they must have the ability to learn, integrate, analyze, and synthesize data.
Technological compensation can be made for physical disabilities in some of these areas, but a candidate must be able to perform in a reasonably independent manner.
The following standards describe the academic abilities and non-academic qualifications considered essential for successful completion of the curriculum.
Intellectual, Conceptual, Integrative, and Quantitative Abilities
Applicants and students must be able to memorize, reason, perform scientific measurements and calculations, comprehend three dimensional and spatial relationships, and analyze and synthesize information from a variety of sources. Ultimately, they must be able to think critically, analytically, and intuitively to solve complex, multifactorial problems that include making diagnostic and therapeutic decisions.
Attitudinal, Behavioral, Interpersonal, and Emotional Attributes
Applicants and students must be able demonstrate the exercise of good clinical and moral judgment, the prompt completion of all responsibilities necessary for the diagnosis and care of patients, and the development of mature, compassionate and effective relationships with patients, families and colleagues. They must be able to maintain and display emotional health while engaged in stressful work, changing environments, and clinical uncertainties. Applicants and students must be able to accept and modify their personal and professional behavior in response to constructive criticism. They must be open to examining personal attitudes, perceptions, and stereotypes that may negatively affect patient care and professional relationships.
Applicants and students must be able to communicate effectively with patients, their families, and other members of the health care team. They must be able to listen carefully to patients in order to elicit information and perform appropriate examinations; observe patients attentively, able to perceive changes in mood, activity and posture; and interpret non-verbal communication such as facial expressions, affects, and body language.
Visual, Auditory, Tactile, and Motor Competencies
Applicants and students must be able to gather data from written and illustrated reference material, oral presentations, demonstrations and experiments, observations of patients and clinical procedures, digital and analog representations of physiologic phenomena, and physical examinations of patients.